Zambezi River

The Basin

At 2,574 kilometers, the Zambezi is the fourth-longest river in Africa, and one of the continent’s least exploited and richest biodiversity landscapes. It begins in Zambia and flows through Angola, along the borders of Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, to Mozambique, where it empties into the Indian Ocean. Home to 38.5 million people, the river also supports large populations of animals including hippopotamuses, crocodiles, buffalo, zebras, giraffes, elephants, bird life, and several hundred fish species. The Zambezi is critical to both ecosystems and various economic sectors including agriculture, mining and manufacturing, energy, tourism and domestic consumption.