The Basin

The Amur-Heilong River borders three countries: China, Russia and Mongolia. More than 70 million people rely on a healthy river for drinking water, plus industrial and agricultural water. The floodplains also function as base for the grain production and stock breeding, primarily for corn. The aquatic, wetland and terrestrial ecosystem provide habitat for fishes, birds and endangered animals like the Amur tiger and leopard. The Songhuajiang Plain and Sanjiang Plain are the migration route of birds in the northern hemisphere. The basin is an important international biodiversity center, crucial to maintaining Northeast Asia’s natural resources and environment.