Amazon River

The Basin

Flowing more than 6,600 kilometers, the Amazon River has hundreds of tributaries and streams, which contain the largest number of freshwater fish species in the world. The river is part of the Amazon Biome, which spans 6.7 million km2 (twice the size of India), and has the largest contiguous tropical forests on the planet, around 10 percent of the world’s species, 90-140 billion tons of carbon, and 15 to 20 percent of the world’s fresh water. Over 30 million people live in the Amazon biome and their livelihoods are intimately tied with its forests and rivers.